1911, 1921 Census  


Welcome to the User Guide

The CCRI represents an infrastructure that facilitates research on the transformation of Canadian society in the twentieth century. The CCRI's mandate is to provide researchers with a body of data and information that can be used to acquire a better understanding of how modern-day Canada has developed. The CCRI is composed of microdata, namely, data created from Canadian census enumerations between 1911 to 1951, a geographical framework constructed to enable the location, selection, aggregation, and analysis of census data, and contextual data, namely the textual data used to situate the census in time and to enhance appropriate analysis of the data.

Organization of the User's Guide

1) 1911 Census located on the left of this web page provides researchers with the 1911 database, 1911 codes, 1911 data entry manual, 1911 enumerator instructions, 1911 geography component, Contextual Data (1911 to 1951), and 1911 Nesstar Webview.

2) CCRI Overview provides general information concerning the project for census years 1911 to 1951.

3) The Database provides detailed information concerning the design and use of the CCRI database for census years 1911 to 1951.

4) Resources provides supplementary information concerning CCRI data, documentation related to CCRI data, and additional resources for census years 1911 to 1951.


Principal funding support came from the Canada Foundation for Innovation. The provinces of British Columbia, Ontario, Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador provided essential matching funds for the work done in their respective provinces. The eight participating universities provided significant further assistance as did our partners Statistics Canada, IBM, MITEL, the Harold Crabtree Foundation, the Newfoundland and Labrador Statistics Agency, L’Institut de la Statistique du Québec and Library and Archives Canada.

We would like to emphasize how essential university support is for the construction of research infrastructures: without the space and financial support of various kinds that the partner universities and, for Atlantic Canada, that the Newfoundland and Labrador Statistics Agency provided, the CCRI could not have happened. As the principal investigator, Chad Gaffield was the inspiration for the project and until September 2009 the database was housed at the central university, the University of Ottawa. Due to Chad Gaffield’s position as Head of the SSHRC he stepped down as PI and Peter Baskerville is the current PI. The database has been transferred to the University of Alberta and, along with Laval and L’Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, the University of Alberta will maintain the databases into the future. We thank the University of Alberta for its generous support in this project.